Do you really understand lead-acid batteries
Advantages and disadvantages of lead-acid batteries
Lead-acid battery is the battery with the longest time to achieve industrial production and the most mature technology. It has stable working voltage, wide operating temperature and operating current range, more charge and discharge cycles, good storage performance, low cost, and mature recycling technology. And other advantages, so it is widely used.
However, compared with new types of batteries such as lithium-ion batteries, there are also shortcomings in terms of service life, unit battery capacity, volume weight, high-current charging and discharging performance, and environmental protection.
Lead-acid battery classification
At present, lead-acid batteries are widely used in various fields such as industry, agriculture, transportation, communications, and people’s livelihood. According to their use, they can be roughly divided into: starting batteries (car starting), stationary batteries (backup power), traction batteries (electric power) Locomotives), battery power for energy storage (energy storage in power stations), and batteries for other purposes (lighting), etc.
The hazards of lead-acid batteries
Improper use, maintenance or disposal of lead-acid batteries may cause harm to people’s lives and property, such as: electrical shocks caused by short circuits, high temperatures, physical hazards of fire, and chemical hazards of metal and skin corrosion caused by electrolyte leakage , And environmental hazards caused by improper manufacturing and disposal. In particular, lead, the main raw material for the production of lead-acid batteries, is an internationally recognized heavy metal that poses the greatest threat to humans, especially children, in the environment. Lead pollution can damage children’s brains, reduce their intelligence, impair their nervous system, and cause serious lead poisoning. It can cause coma or death. Therefore, the country has strict regulations and access requirements for the production, processing, and disposal of lead-acid batteries.